April 5, 2021
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. Castings are made from molten metal that is then poured into shapes and removed as the metal cools. Other metals that can be used in foundries to produce casts include aluminum, bronze, brass, magnesium and zinc. Three types of furnaces are used by foundries for melting steel: electric arc furnaces (EAF's), electric induction furnaces and open-hearth furnaces. More recently, electric arc furnaces are replacing open-hearth furnaces due to their economical benefits and better quality of steel. Sometimes foundry scrap from castings will be reused by the foundry itself.
Foundry steel 2 ft and under, is steel scrap 1/8 inch and over in thickness, but not over 2 feet in length or 18 inches in width. This foundry steel scrap must be in individual pieces and free from attachments, as specified by the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries. These steel scraps may not include nonferrous metals, cast or malleable iron, cable, vitreous enameled, or metal coated material. Foundry steel 2 ft and under can be found in Pittsburgh as a delivered to consumer price and in Cleveland as a brokers’ buying price. Details about Scrap Price Bulletin’s pricing methodology can be found here.
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